Edith Wharton, George Orwell, Sacheverell Sitwell...

Recommended Reading List
To be used with the film

- about the celebrated public square of Marrakech - Canetti, Elias. The Voices of Marrakech. New York: Seabury Press, 1978.

Early, Evelyn and Donna Lee Bowen. Everyday Life in the Middle East. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993. "Entertainment in the Market Place" by Philip D. Schuyler.

Fernea, Elizabeth Warnock. A Street in Marrakech: A Personal View of Urban Women in Morocco. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975.

Orwell, George. The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell (1920-1940) New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1968. Essay (1939) - "Marrakech" - "When you walk through a town like this..., when you see how the people live, and still more easily how they die, it is always difficult to believe that you are walking among human beings. All colonial empires are in reality founded upon that fact."

Sitwell, Sacheverell. Selected Works of Sacheverell Sitwell. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1953. Essay: "Djemma el Fna" - "There is, indeed, no reason why this unlikely open space should present the most astonishing spectacle of its kind in the contemporary world."

Werner, Louis, "The Magic Circles of Djemaa el-Fna", Aramco World, Vol. 44 no. 4, July-August 1993.

Wharton, Edith. In Morocco. London: New York: Century Pub; Hippocrene Books, 1984 (reprint of 1920 edition). "In the middle of the square sit the story-tellers' turbaned audiences. Beyond these are the humbler crowds about the wild-ringleted snake-charmers with their epileptic gestures and hissing incantations, and farther off, in the densest circle of all, we could just discern the shaved heads and waving surpliced arms of the dancing-boys."


Graburn, Nelson H.H. Anthropology of Tourism. New York: Pergamon Press, 1983.

Smith, Valene L. Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1989.

"Tourism and the Business of Pleasure", Middle East Report (special issue), no. 196, vol. 25, no. 5, Sept./Oct. 1995.

The film, MOROCCO: THE PAST AND PRESENT OF DJEMMA EL FNA (1995, 18 min.) Produced by Steven Montgomery - order from Filmakers Library, 124 East 40th Street, New York, NY 10016. Tel.(212) 808-4980, Fax (212) 808-4983.